Cholesterol screening in children
The American Academy of Pediatrics has issued new cholesterol screening and treatment recommendations for children. The policy recommends cholesterol screening of children and adolescents with a family history of high cholesterol or heart disease. It also recommends screening patients whose family history is unknown or those who have other factors for heart disease including obesity, high blood pressure or diabetes. Screening should take place after age two, but no later than age 10. If a child has values within the normal range, testing should be repeated in three to five years. Young patients with elevated cholesterol readings should focus on weight reduction and increased activity while receiving nutritional counseling.