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Summary of Influenza (Flu) Vaccination Recommendations – Children and Adolescents aged 6 months – 18 years

"Content Source: Advisory Community on Immunization Practices (AICP) – 2008"

Summary of Influenza (Flu) Vaccination Recommendations

Vaccination of all children aged 6 months-18 years should begin before or during the 2008-09 influenza season if feasible, but no later than during the 2009-10 influenza season. Vaccination of all children aged 5-18 years is a new ACIP recommendation.

Children and adolescents at high risk for influenza complications should continue to be a focus of vaccination efforts as providers and programs transition to routinely vaccination all children and adolescents.Recommendations for these children have not changed.

Childres and adolescent at higher risk influenza complication are those:

  • aged 6 months - 4 years;
  • who have chronic pulmonary(including asthma), cardiovascular (except hypertension), renal, hepatic, hematological or metabolic disorders(including diabetes mellitus);
  • who are immunosuppressed (including immuno supression caused by medications or by human immunodeficiency virus);
  • who have any condition (e.g.,cognitive dysfunction,spinal cord injuries,seizures disorders, or other neuro muscular disorders) that can compromise rspiratoryfuntion or the handling of repiratory secreations or that can increase the risk for aspiration;
  • who are receiving long-term asprin therapy who therefore might be at risk for experiencing Reye syndrome after influenza virus infection;
  • who are residents of chronic-care fecilities; and,
  • who will be pregnant during the influenza season.

Note : Children aged <6 months should not receive influenza vaccination. Household and other close contacts(eg. daycare providers) of children aged <6months, including older children and adlescents, should be vaccinated.